• Endometrial cancer is the abnormal growth of cells from the uterus that’s the hollow, pear-shaped organ in the pelvic area of women. Cancer starts in the outer coating that forms the lining of the uterus. There are different kinds of cancer also shaped in the uterus known as uterine sarcoma that is somewhat less common. Endometrial cancer is discovered usually at an early period as it generates common abnormal vaginal bleeding that alerts the girls to test with their physicians. If cancer has been found at the first stage, surgical removal of the uterus often cures cancer.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Bleeding after menopause.
  • Bleeding in between menstrual cycles.
  • Watery or abnormal bloody discharge from the vagina.
  • Pain in and around the pelvis.

Risk factors

  • Age- Endometrial cancer mainly characterized by postmenopausal women in the age category of 55-60.
  • Hormonal Imbalance – The degree of oestrogen and progesterone hormones may influence the chance of developing endometrial cancer. Greater oestrogen levels without progesterone might raise the endometrial thickness and might cause cancer. Women at menopause phase beneath oestrogen hormone treatment are also at elevated risk.
  • Fat – Women with a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or higher are at significant risk for endometrial cancer. As BMI increases, so does the risk of cancer.
  • Inherited Genes — Endometrial cancer has a genetic source known as Lynch syndrome that often raises the chance of different kinds of cancer such as colon esophageal and colon cancer brought on by abnormal mutation in the enzymes that’s inherited.

Diagnosis

Endometrial cancer can be detected by various methods. The initial diagnosis is a pelvic examination.

  • Pelvic Examination – The physician will inspect the outer genitals, vagina, uterus, and ovaries with the speculum or fingers to detect any abnormal growths or tumors.
  • Transvaginal Ultrasound – Throughout the scanning, a device called a transducer will be inserted into the vagina to generate video pictures of the uterus using sound waves. The scan reveals the texture and thickness of the endometrium.
  • Hysteroscope Detection – The physician inserts a hysteroscope through the vagina into the uterus to examine the uterus and endometrial structure.
  • Endometrial Biopsy — The cells in the uterine lining is going to be accumulated and delivered to research to discover the abnormal expansion from cells. The process could be completed at the practice without anesthesia.
  • Surgical Biopsy- In some instances, the tissue obtained by the biopsy won’t be adequate to confirm the identification or the biopsy isn’t apparent. A process known as dilation and curettage (D&C) will probably be done in order to scratch the tissue in the uterus and examined for cancer cells.

Stages of Endometrial Cancer Include:

  • Stage I – Cancer confined only to the uterus.
  • Stage II – cancer spread to the cervix
  • Stage III – Cancer has spread to pelvic area lymph nodes and beyond the uterus but not spread to the rectum and bladder.
  • Stage IV –Cancer spread to the rectum, bladder, and other parts of the body.

Endometrial Cancer is a type of Uterine Cancer

  • There are two types of cancer of the uterus, distinguished based on their origin location. They are:Endometrial cancer: This type of uterine cancer, known as endometrium, begins in the lining of the uterus. The most prevalent type of uterine cancer is endometrial cancer, which accounts for 95% of all cases.Uterine sarcoma: This is a rare form of cancer of the uterus that begins in other uterine tissues or muscles. It only accounts for 5 percent of all cases of uterine cancer.

Endometrial Cancer Treatment Cost in India

Treatment Price

USD 4000

( Indian Rupees Approx. 2,94,000 )

No. of Travellers

NA

Days in Hospital

NA

Days Outside Hospital

NA

Total days in India

13

Procedure

The remedy for endometrial cancer is dependent upon that point the cancer is diagnosed.

Surgery

  • Surgery is the initial alternative for the majority of the patients with endometrial cancer that entails the removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and the ovaries. Surgery to remove the uterus is suggested for many women with endometrial cancer. The individual won’t have the ability to conceive and give birth to the child after the operation. The health care provider will also inspect the region around the uterus for those indicators of cancer and might urge lymph node biopsy testing to ascertain the stage of cancer.

Radiation

  • Radiation treatment using X rays and higher energy protons will be made to the website of cancer following the operation to decrease the recurrence. In certain patients that the tumor is quite big and hard to eliminate, in these situations additionally, radiation will be counseled before the operation to decrease the tumor size. For high-quality cancers and patients that are not healthy for operation, radiotherapy is your very best choice of therapy. Two types of radiation will be generally administered
    • External Radiation- Throughout the process patient will lie on a table along with the machine provides high energy beams to some specified part or numerous areas within the body.
    • Internal Radiation- This procedure entails introducing little molecules such as objects, seeds, or wires for specific time intervals within the vagina to destroy the cancer cells.

Chemotherapy

  • Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. The individual may obtain either one medication or two drugs in conjunction with the oral or intravenous route. Chemotherapy is usually suggested to the sufferers of top-grade cancer which spread beyond the uterus.

Hormone Therapy

  • Through the hormone, treatment drugs are administered that influence the hormone levels. The treatment can be given independently or concomitant with different styles of therapy. Medicines to decrease the total amount of oestrogen in your system and also to raise the testosterone levels will probably be normally given to balance the hormones and also to kill the cancer cells which may grow in presence of elevated oestrogen.

Palliative Care

It’s distinctive medical care given to the patients to give relief from severe sickness from the group of health care professionals to get greater results and rapid healing to the sufferers. It might also raise the quality of life following cancer therapy.

Almasiha Healthcare offers the best Endometrial Cancer Treatment Price in India at an affordable price for international patients coming to India under the supervision of the most trained doctors.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is Endometrial Cancer?

A: Endometrial cancer is a cancer of the lining of the uterus that is the most frequent type of cancer in postmenopausal women. Type 1 is the most frequent kind of endometrial cancer that develops slowly whereas type two is the common and most competitive form tends to quickly spread to different areas of the human body.

Q: How does Endometrial Cancer occur?

A: The coating of the endometrium begins to grow and grow in depth in some specific locations. The thickened areas may form a tumor that may spread to other regions of the human body.

Q: What are the 7 warning signs of cancer?

A: Symptoms & Warning Signs of Cancer
  • Change in bowel or bladder habits.
  • A sore that does not heal.
  • Unusual bleeding or discharge.
  • Thickening or lump in the breast or elsewhere.
  • Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing.
  • Obvious change in a wart or mole.
  • Nagging cough or hoarseness.

Q: How much is the survival rate in Endometrial Cancers?

A: The survival rate is dependent upon the phase of cancer. When it’s restricted to the endometrium, almost 95 percent of these girls endure even after 5 decades of diagnosis. When it disperse to other components, it’ll be roughly 65% survival rate after 5 decades of diagnosis. The survival rate also depends upon the level of metastasis.

Q: Is Stage 4 uterus cancer curable?

A: For most people with stage IV endometrial cancer, the cancer has spread too far for a surgeon to remove it all, but you may still get surgery similar to the kind in earlier stages, as well as radiation, to keep you from bleeding too much. Hormone therapy, targeted therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy may also help

Q: Is cancer most aggressive?

A: All sorts of endometrial cancers aren’t aggressive. Clear cell cancer that is of approximately 5% is generally competitive which is more prevalent in postmenopausal women.

Q: Who is at high risk for uterine cancer?

A: Woman are older than 50. Are obese (have an abnormally high, unhealthy amount of body fat). Take estrogen by itself (without progesterone) for hormone replacement during menopause. Have had trouble getting pregnant, or have had fewer than five periods in a year before starting menopause.

Q: What causes uterus cancer?

A: Although the exact causes of uterine cancers are not known, risk factors include women with endometrial overgrowth (hyperplasia), obesity, women who have never had children, menses beginning before age 12, menopause after age 55, estrogen therapy, taking tamoxifen, radiation to the pelvis, family history of uterine

Q: What are the early signs of Endometrial Cancer?

A: The early signs are:

  • Bleeding after menopause
  • Bleeding in between the periods
  • Abnormal bloody discharge from the vagina
  • Pain in the pelvic area

Q: What are the symptoms of advanced Endometrial Cancer?

A: The symptoms are:

  • Severe pelvic pain
  • Weight loss
  • Bloating
  • Abdominal swelling

Q: Do ultrasounds show cancer?

A: Ultrasound cannot tell whether a tumor is cancer. Its use is also limited in some parts of the body because the sound waves can‘t go through air (such as in the lungs) or through bone

Q: Is it possible to detect Endometrial Cancer with an ultrasound?

A: The physician often recommends a couple of tests to discover endometrial cancer. The vital tests are transvaginal ultrasound, hysteroscopy, and tissue biopsy.

Q: Is chemo necessary for uterine cancer?

A: Chemo is not used to treat stage I and II endometrial cancers. In most cases, a combination of chemo drugs is used. Combination chemotherapy tends to work better than one drug alone. Chemo is often given in cycles: a period of treatment, followed by a rest period.

Q: Who is at high risk for Endometrial Cancer?

A: Women who have faced these conditions are more likely at risk for endometrial cancer: 

  • Disruption of hormones
  • Hormone replacement therapy to ease the symptoms of menopause
  • Taken Birth control pills
  • Obesity
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • Ovarian tumors

Q: Can Endometrial Cancer be cured?

A: Endometrial cancer may be nicely treated with a greater prognosis when the tumor is confined to the uterus. However, in advanced stages, once cancer has spread into other regions surgical treatment just not feasible. Even in high-grade tumors that spread to other components hysterectomy is going to be finished alongside the removal of the uterus and fallopian tubes to prevent excess bleeding.

Q: Can cervical cancer kill you?

A: It happens less often than it used to, but yes, it’s possible to die from cervical cancer. The American Cancer Society (ACS) estimates that about 4,250 people in the United States will die from cervical cancer in 2019

Q: What care should be taken after treatment for Endometrial Cancer?

A: Normal health checkups are advised following therapy for endometrial cancer. It’ll ensure the early identification of this recurrence. With phase 1 cancer 90 percent of individuals have been cancer-free after 5 decades of therapy. Healthful lifestyle will probably be recommended after the treatment. Other risk factors like diabetes, higher blood pressure, and obesity ought to be controlled to decrease the long-term risk.

Q: Does cervical cancer make you pee a lot?

A: Uncomfortable/irregular urination.Blockage of the kidneys can occur from cervical cancer. This blockage will cause urination to become uncomfortable and sometimes difficult. You may even experience frequent urges to use the restroom without cause

Q: What is the smell of cervical cancer?

A: If cervical cancer lacks oxygen, some cells may die off, infecting the tumor. The infection creates a foul smelling vaginal discharge, which serves as another sign of cervical cancer.

Q: Is a fishy smell a sign of cancer?

A: If you have persistent abnormal vaginal odor and any of the other signs or symptoms mentioned previously, you should contact your doctor as soon as it is possible. You could have a severe infection or cancer.

Q: Do you still have periods with cervical cancer?

A: Unusual vaginal bleeding – in most cases, the first symptom of cervical cancer that is vaginal bleeding. Unusual bleeding can occur any time you are not expecting your normal period, including after having sex, but can also manifest as heavier periods than normal, or post-menopausal bleeding.

Q: Is chemotherapy expensive in India?

A: Chemotherapy cost in India ranges from 600 USD – 1050 USD per cycle. The price is dependent upon chemotherapy medications, a period of cancer, and other aspects. Chemotherapy therapy is an out-patient therapy and lasts for a half-hour to 2 hours.

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